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These are the parts that make up your back garden bee hive.

The modern bee hive is like a highly efficient multistoried factory with each story having a specific function. These stories work together to provide a home for bees and a honey factory for the beekeeper.

A Hive Cover - Telescoping cover telescopes over the sides of the top super to protect the hive. Galvanized covering.
Inner Cover - Creates a dead air space for insulation from heat and cold.
Shallow Supers - For surplus honey storage. Bees store their extra honey in these for the beekeeper to take. 6-5/8'', 5-11/16'' supers, or even hive bodies may be used.
Queen Excluder - Keeps the queen bee in the brood chambers as she is too large to pass through the excluder. Prevents her from laying eggs and raising brood in honey supers placed above the excluder.
Hive Bodies - Brood Chambers are the bees’ living quarters. Queen lays eggs in these chambers and brood is raised. Honey is also stored for the bees’ food.
Bottom Board - Forms the floor of the hive. Shown with wooden entrance reducer in place to keep mice and some cold out during winter.
Hive Stand - Supports the hive off the ground to keep hive bottom dry and insulate hive

Diagram and diamensions for a standard hive.

click here to download Langstroth

click here to download Langstroth body

click here to download Langstroth bottom

click here to download Langstroth cover

click here to download Langstroth entrance

click here to download Langstroth frame

Floor's can come in many sofisticated contructions e.g. screen floors with pull out bottoms.

Langstroth frame for broad chamber
For Shallow super reduce H to 6.25 inches

A broad box for the queen to live a lay her eggs, the brood box is big enough for any queen, yet again every beekeeper will give you many options for your queen. (double broad one and a half story hives split 2 story hives) this is usually done as a simple method of bee reproduction.

Now you need frames wired and laid with wax foundation.
Two types of frames you'll need 1st 10 frames for your broad chamber, preferable self spacing frames. Then you'll need 30 shorter frames known as super frames divide into 3 shorter boxes, for the honey production. I'd recommend supers because when full of honey they will weight around 38lbs. If you use broad boxes for honey production like some commercial beekeepers these boxes will weight over 50lb which I find a little heavy for the individual beekeeper.